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Homeopathic Care: Clinical Studies

Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 1997 Jul;35(7):296-301 

The homoeopathic treatment of otitis media in children --comparisons with conventional therapy.

Friese KH, Kruse S, Ludtke R, Moeller H

In a prospective observational study carried out by 1 homoeopathic and 4 conventional ENT practitioners, the 2 methods of treating acute pediatric otitis media were compared. Group A received treatment with homoeopathic single remedies (Aconitum napellus, Apis mellifica, Belladonna, Capsicum, Chamomilla, Kalium bichromicum, Lachesis, Lycopodium, Mercurius solubilis, Okoubaka, Pulsatilla, Silicea), whereas group B received nasal drops, antibiotics, secretolytics and/or antipyretics. The main outcome measures were duration of pain, duration of fever, and the number of recurrences after 1 year, whereby alpha < 0.05 was taken as significance level. The secondary measures were improvement after 3 hours, results of audiometry and tympanometry, and necessity for additional therapy.

These parameters were only considered descriptively. The study involved 103 children in group A and 28 children in group B, aged between 6 months and 11 years in both groups. For duration of pain, the median was 2 days in group A and 3 days in group B.  For duration of therapy, the median was 4 days in group A and 10 days in group B: this is due to the fact that antibiotics are usually administered over a period of 8-10 days, whereas homoeopathics can be discontinued at an earlier stage once healing has started. Of the children treated, 70.7% were free of recurrence within a year in group A and 29.3% were found to have a maximum of 3 recurrences. In group B, 56.5% were free of recurrence, and 43.5% had a maximum of 6 recurrences. Out of the 103 children in group A, 5 subsequently received antibiotics, though homoeopathic treatment was carried through to the healing stage in the remaining 98. No permanent sequels were observed in either group.

Publication Types: Clinical trial -- PMID: 9247843, UI: 97391008



J R Soc Med 1997 Feb;90(2):73-78

Double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial of homoeopathic arnica C30 for pain and infection after total abdominal hysterectomy.

Hart O, Mullee MA, Lewith G, Miller J

Homoeopathic potencies of arnica have been used for many years to aid postoperative recovery. The effects of arnica C30 on pain and postoperative recovery after total abdominal hysterectomy were evaluated in a double-blind, randomized, controlled study. Of 93 women entered into the study, 20 did not complete protocol treatment: nine were excluded because they failed to comply with the protocol, nine had their operations cancelled or changed within 24 h and two had to be withdrawn because of the recurrence of previously chronic painful conditions. Those who did not complete protocol treatment were equally divided between the arnica (nine patients) and placebo groups (11 patients). 73 patients completed the study, of whom 35 received placebo and 38 received arnica C30. The placebo group had a greater median age and the arnica group had slightly longer operations; nevertheless, no significant difference between the two groups could be demonstrated. We conclude that arnica in homoeopathic potency had no effect on postoperative recovery in the context of our study.

Publication Types: Clinical trial -- Randomized controlled trial
Comments: Comment in: J R Soc Med 1997 Apr;90(4):239-40

PMID: 9068434, UI: 97221388


Dermatology 1996;193(4):318-320

Homoeopathic versus placebo therapy of children with warts on the hands: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial.

Kainz JT, Kozel G, Haidvogl M, Smolle J

BACKGROUND: Despite the wide practical application of homoeopathy, scientific proof of its effectiveness and mechanisms is still lacking, and sound, placebo-controlled studies are scarce.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of homoeopathy in a prospective, double-blind randomized trial.
METHODS: 60 children aged 6-12 years with common warts on the back of the hands were treated either with an individually selected homoeopathic preparation (n = 30) of at least a 1:1,012 dilution or with pure placebo in the form of saccharose globuli (n = 30) under double-blind conditions. The area occupied by warts was measured by computerized planimetry before and after 8 weeks of treatment. Reduction of the warty area by at least 50% was considered a response.
RESULTS: There were a total of 16 responders: 9 of 30 patients in the homoeopathic therapy group and 7 of 30 patients in the placebo group (chi 2 = 0.34, p = 0.56). Total cure of warts occurred in 5 patients in the treated group and in 1 patient in the placebo group (chi 2 = 1.46, p = 0.22).
CONCLUSION: There was no apparent difference between the effects of homoeopathic therapy and placebo in children with common warts under the conditions of this study.

Publication Types: Clinical trial
Randomized controlled trial

PMID: 8993956, UI: 97147100


BMJ 1995 Jun 3;310(6992):1439-1442

Effect of homoeopathy on pain and other events after acute trauma: placebo controlled trial with bilateral oral surgery.

Lokken P, Straumsheim PA, Tveiten D, Skjelbred P, Borchgrevink CF

OBJECTIVE--To examine whether homoeopathy has any effect on pain and other inflammatory events after surgery.
DESIGN--Randomised double blind, placebo controlled crossover trial with "identical" oral surgical procedures performed on two separate occasions in 24 patients. INTERVENTIONS--Treatment started 3 hours after surgery with either homoeopathy or placebo.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Postoperative pain and preference for postoperative course assessed by patients on visual analogue scales. Measurements of postoperative swelling and reduction in ability to open mouth. Assessment of bleeding after surgery.
RESULTS--Pain after surgery was essentially the same whether treated with homoeopathy or placebo. Postoperative swelling was not significantly affected by homoeopathy, but treatment tended to give less reduction in ability to open mouth. No noticeable difference was seen in postoperative bleeding, side effects, or complaints. Thirteen of the 24 patients preferred the postoperative course with placebo.
CONCLUSIONS--No positive evidence was found for efficacy of homoeopathic treatment on pain and other inflammatory events after an acute soft tissue and bone injury inflicted by a surgical intervention. Differences in the order of 30% to 40% would have been needed to show significant effects.

Publication Types: Clinical trial  -- Randomized controlled trial

Comments:

          Comment in: BMJ 1995 Aug 19;311(7003):510-11
          Comment in: BMJ 1995 Aug 19;311(7003):511

PMID: 7613277, UI: 95337913


Additional Clinical Studies can be found in the Online Resource section.

SOURCE: National Library of Medicine: PubMed

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